Supreme End of Education
The supreme end of education, the highest purpose of instruction, is to make man aware of the “universal immanent Impersonal”
Sathya Sai Vahini
Many are aware of Sathya Sai Baba’s oft repeated phrase, “the end of education is character” and his emphasizing the importance of living one’s life in concert with the five human values truth, right conduct (dharma), peace, love, and nonviolence. Human values and good character are espoused in all Sathya Sai education programmes. If one looks a little deeper into Sathya Sai Baba’s writings and discourses, we come face to face with the deep spiritual foundation of Sai’s education philosophy, the spiritual underpinnings of character and human values.
Collected here is a sample of statements made by Sai Baba in his writings and discourses through the years that clearly illumine the spiritual basis of true education. These statements are from his writings (Vahinis), and from discourses given in educational settings, such as inauguration of schools or commencement addresses, where he specifically mentions education, teachers, students, or the spiritual basis of the human values.
The supreme end of education, the highest purpose of instruction, is to make man aware of the “universal immanent Impersonal.” This is the truth that is loudly proclaimed in the Vedas. “Through the unremitting practice of Truth, Righteousness, and Fortitude, the Divinity quiescent in the individual has to be induced to manifest itself in daily living, transforming it into the joy of truly loving.” “Know the Supreme Reality, breathe It. Bathe in It. Live in It. Then It becomes all of you and you become fully It.”
Sathya Sai Vahini
The task of the student is to unfold the divine in him and equip himself for serving society with his skill and knowledge.
Vidya is the effulgence that permeates a full life. In the West, Vidya deals more with concepts and conjectures. In the East, Vidya deals more with Truth and Totality. The Principle sought by Vidya is beyond the field of the senses. Man is a triune composite of body, mind and spirit (Atma). As a consequence, he has three natures in his make up; (1) a low, animal nature, (2) a human nature, replete with worldly knowledge and skill, and (3) the genuine nature of man, namely, the divine, Atmic nature. Being aware of this third nature and establishing oneself in that—this is Vidya.
Energy is all and energy is derived from God. That is the very basis of man. Now, we are building superstructures somewhere else, not on the basis. The foundational Divine Principle is being ignored. We are fascinated by subjects and studies that promise to feed our stomachs and make us materially happy and powerful. But the hard truth is the Divine beneath all. Man must either know the supreme Truth of the One Being behind all Becoming or at least know the practical Truth of Love and Brotherhood. These two points are the limits which education must ever keep in mind—the starting point and the goal.
It is the same single energy (Sakthi) that activates all hands, sees through all eyes, and hears through all ears. In fact, all mankind is made of one divine substance. The human body, either in America or China, Africa or India, has the same components of flesh, blood and bone. The instinctive urges and awareness are common to all living beings. When investigation is done through scientific means, the truth that there are signs of awareness of life in stone and tree and metals can be demonstrated. The Atma is a spark of the Divine. Its latent existence can be known by inquirers. God is ONE. Whatever one’s nationality, whichever religion one professes, one can realise the Universal Absolute (Brahma) if one masters the science of spiritual advancement (Atma Vidya). Faith in the ONE God is the crux, the central point. Other beliefs, concepts and conjectures revolve as the rim, on the periphery.
And as one undertakes seva more and more, one’s consciousness expands and deepens and one’s Atmic reality is more clearly known. This ideal of seva and the urge to practise it form the very heart of education. Pure Love, its chief manifestation—that is education.
Students! He who condemns himself, day and night, as petty and weak can never accomplish anything. He who thinks that he is luckless and low thereby becomes luckless and low. Instead, when you cultivate the awareness that you are a spark of God, that you have as your reality Divinity Itself, you can become really Divine, and you can have command over all powers. “As you feel, so you become” (Yad bhaavam, thad bhavathi). It is how you feel that matters most. That is the basis for all that you are. Have faith in the Atma, the Self. This is a must for man.
The human being is like a seed. Just as the seed sprouts into a sapling and grows continuously into a tree, man too has to grow and attain fulfilment. Man has to master two fields of knowledge in order to reach this goal. The first is knowledge of the world, that is to say, knowledge concerning the manifested Universe. The second is knowledge of the other world. The first confers the means for living (Jeevana Upaadhi); the second confers the goal of life (Jeevana Paramaavadhi). The means for living are the things that can satisfy one’s day-to-day needs. One has to acquire them and store them, or acquire the capacity to get them when required. The knowledge of the goal of life involves inquiry into problems like: “For what end should one live?”, “Who is the Creator of all that we become aware of?”, “What exactly am I, this distinct individual I?”. This enquiry ultimately reveals the goal. The scriptures of all religions and the many moral codes derived from them are concerned with problems that transcend the limits of this world like: “Why are we here?”, “What really have we to do to deserve this chance of life,” and “What are we to become?”
What is for man the most beneficial way to live in this world? The answer is, living a regulated and disciplined life. Real education must train man to observe these limits and restrictions.
The true dharma of the individual is to taste the bliss of merging with the Absolute and to attain true liberation
True dharma is to be immersed in Atmic bliss, the inner vision, the steady faith in the identity of one’s real nature with the Absolute, and the realization that all is Brahman; these four are the authentic dharma. In this physical existence as particular individuals, these four are named truth, peace, love and nonviolence (sathya, santhi, prema, and ahimsa), for the convenience of practice (but yet saturated with the inner dharma of Atmic reality), so that particular individuals who are also personifications of that Absolute can follow them in daily life. The mode of pursuit of dharma, now, as in the past, is to adhere to these high principles in every act and thought. The truth, peace, love, and nonviolence of today are but the unintermittent immersion in Atma, the vision fixed on the inner truth, the contemplation of one’s real nature, and the knowledge that all is Brahman, the one and only. These, the fundamental and the derived, must be coordinated and harmonized. Then only can it be termed Atma-dharma.
So too, in this benighted world, it is difficult to move about truthfully, correctly, and peacefully without knocking against some obstacle or other. How then are you to succeed? Light the lamp! Let it reveal the reality; get the light of spiritual wisdom (jnana). That will solve all the difficulties. You may claim that you live according to dharma. But, your basic flaw is that your acts are not done in the spirit of dedication. If so done, they get stamped with the authentic mark of dharma.
Some clever people might raise a doubt and ask: “Can we then kill and injure in the name of the Lord, dedicating the act to Him?” Well, how can a person get the attitude of dedicating all activities to the Lord without at the same time being pure in thought, word, and deed? Love, equanimity, rectitude, nonviolence —these are the attendant virtues of the servant of the Lord. How can cruelty and callousness coexist with these virtues? To have selflessness, the spirit of self-sacrifice, and the spiritual eminence required for the dedicatory outlook, one must have first won the four characteristics of truth, peace, love, nonviolence (sathya, santhi, prema, ahimsa). Devoid of these, mere naming will not make any deed a votive offering.
Some people use “wish” and “will” as if there was no difference between the two. This is very wrong. The wish is related to the tendencies (vasanas) embedded in the mind (manas). The will is related to the fundamental character of Atma. Wish means the craving to get something; will is the determination to acquire it.
Both wish and will are based on the moral culture of the individual. Once the Atma is cultivated, they can be sublimated accordingly. But if they are cultivated without the Atmic point of view, the faults and failings of the mind will get mixed up with what is wished for and willed for.
The lower step can be seen from the higher step, not the higher step from the lower. So, one should strive to go step by step, higher and higher —in other words, from the culture of the Atma to the culture of the will and thence to the culture of the moral conduct. Then, the enjoyment of the bliss of the Atma becomes quite easy and natural. When the baby is unable to walk, the mother encourages it to toddle a few steps at a time at home before it is allowed to go on the road. Instead, if it is put on the high road first, how can it learn? Besides, what of the dangers of the road? So also, first the internal factors have to be strengthened, and then external factors, like moral conduct, become easy. Morals without the basis of internal uplift will not be deep-seated. So the cultivation of the attitude of the Atma is primary.
… A good character is essential for the realisation of the Atma. In other words, all evil propensities have to be uprooted.
…The knower of Atma becomes the Atma itself (Brahmavid Brahmaiva bhavathi). The goal of life, that which makes life worthwhile, is the understanding of the Atma or, in other words, the basis of the individual soul (jiva).
First, be fixed in the consciousness that yourself is the immortal Atma, which is indestructible, which is holy, pure and divine. That will give you unshakable courage and strength. Then, you must develop mutual love and respect.
2 February 1958 Kannan High School, Chitthoor
There are, however, some who enquire into the nature of Atma Tattwa. Realising the importance of an enquiry into the nature of Atma Tattwa, we have introduced this concept in the M.B.A. course in Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning. The letters M.B.A. stand for understanding the nature of the mind (M), the physical body (B), and the Atma (A). It is easier to understand the nature of the mind and body. But, to understand the nature of the Atma is not that easy.
28 October 2003 “Love is God, Live in Love” Vice-Chancellor’s Conference
Teachers have to discriminate thus and develop a firm faith in the Atma. As the seed, so the crop. Unless they are able to implant this seed of knowledge, value orientation cannot happen. "Who am I?" is the question, the answer to which must be known and experienced. The Sanskrit word for I is "Aham"---this is formed by putting together the first letter A and the last letter Ha. It shows that all thoughts and expressions centre around the I; nothing is outside it.
30 August 1981 “The Teacher’s Task”
Education can claim success only when it results in the student gaining awareness of the Divinity inherent in him and others.
The higher life, which makes man human and a fit candidate for unfoldment of the Divinity that is his Reality, depends on the cultivations of the Five Cardinal virtues--Truth, Right Conduct, Love Peace and Non-Violence.
28 December 1986 “The Teacher and Tomorrow”
The Vedas and Vedangas (vedic sciences), music and literature, physics and chemistry, botany and biology---all these different branches of knowledge are related to the phenomenal universe. They belong to the category of "Apara Vidya"--the lower knowledge. People devote their lives mainly to these studies. Only the knowledge of the Spirit is "Paraa Vidya"—the Supreme Knowledge. "Apara Vidya" (worldly knowledge) is pursued mainly for earning a living. But even worldly knowledge exists to point the way to spiritual awareness. Without spiritual knowledge, all other knowledge is valueless.
22 June 1987 Discourse at the Sri Sathya Sai Auditorium, Prashaanthi Nilayam, on commencement of the New Academic Year
To make one a full man it is necessary to instil in him faith in the Antahkarana (Indwelling Motivator). Education today seems to be concerned with artificial things rather than the understanding of the Chaitanya (inner consciousness).
Devotion and faith are essential for man. Divinity is present in invisible subtle form in the human being. Only the student who manifests this divinity within him is worth the name.
22 November 1991 Discourse at the 10th Convocation of Sai Institute at the Vidyagiri Stadium
Universities are busy developing different types of subjects to be taught, but are not aware of the Real Subject which they should reach. What is that subject which is the very basis of all other subjects? Aathma-Vidhya (Spiritual knowledge), is the basis of all education. It is like the ocean while all other types of education are like rivers which must merge in the ocean. Today, education without a spiritual base is causing harm. The essence of Spiritual Education is faith and dedication. They are like the two bunds of a river. Only when the river of life flows between these bunds would the river be safe. If there are no bunds, the waters would flow over villages and towns and cause vast destruction. It is the absence of spirituality which is responsible for all the problems, violence, agitation and strike. Education should foster the two bunds of dedication and faith in students.
22 November 1994 Benedictory address to the Convocation of the Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning
Students! Realise that you have a conscience that is your guide and consciousness which represents your divinity.
Students! There is need for observing festivals like Vinaayaka Chathurthi for external satisfaction, but what is more important is to realise the inner significance of Vinaayaka worship which is likely to have lasting effect. The worship of inanimate idols should lead to contemplation on the subtle spiritual entity represented by the idol. This is the process by which realisation of the Aathma (Self) takes place. Realise and act on the basis that the living Divinity is within you, Ganapathi represents the ideal person who is guided by intelligence and wisdom. Engage yourself in acts which will please the Divine such as moderation in speech, giving up ill-will and hatred and eschewing all bad thoughts and restraint on desires By combining spiritual practices with academic studies make your life fruitful.
7 October 1997 Significance of Ganesha Principle
Students, Embodiments of the Divine Atma (soul)! There is a great and urgent need that you should delve into the problem---who exactly you are, and realise that you are Divine, so that you can raise yourselves to that level, instead of remaining merely human or degrading yourselves into the lower level of animality. What exactly are the degrees which you earn now, after such elaborate and exhausting studies? The degrees are only begging bowls, which you can hold while presenting yourselves in front of office after office, seeking jobs. Education does not fill you with self-confidence, self-reliance and self-knowledge. How can even parents, teachers and the elders give you these, when they are themselves suffering from their absence? Since they do not have these qualities, the country is in the throes of poverty, faction and sloth.
1 April 1973 “Drastic Overhaul”
The Sathya Sai Organisation has been established to provide sacred tasks for every moment of wakeful life, to make people conscious of the vagaries and vanities of the mind and teach them the processes of disintegrating the mind and establishing the reign of the pure intellect, by which alone the One behind all this multiplicity can be realised as the only Reality.
24 November 1974 “The Mind Stuff”
Today, we are establishing this Agricultural Polytechnic, so that those who study here may not depend upon others to give them a job but, so that they can earn a livelihood for themselves by their own skills and effort…
The future of the country depends on the skill and the sincerity of the youth. Therefore, the necessary enthusiasm and encouragement must be generated among the youth. All my hopes are based on the students, the youth. They are very dear to Me. They are faultless; It is the parent and the school that are at fault for all the waywardness and violence. They lead them into wrong directions. Instead of filling your heads with facts and figures, fill your heart with love and light. Have confidence in the vast powers of the Atma (soul), which is your reality. Have faith in the Grace of God, which you can secure by prayer.
5 January 1975 “Culture—Agriculture”
There was a student once who held out his palm before a palmist for scrutiny. He examined the lines with care and announced that he would advance very much In education. The student was very happy. He predicted that he would amass large sum of money; the student's Joy knew no bounds. He declared that the lines indicated fame along with fortune. This filled the cup of Joy to the brim; it could hold no more. Then, the palmist announced that the 'life-line' was short and it ended abruptly, quite quick! The student fell in a faint.
Education too has no life-line, now; it does not ensure the skills and attitudes essential to live a life of peace and contentment. It is not 'full,' nor does it function in a comprehensive manner, taking all the needs and goals into Its orbit. It is satisfied now with cramming books, reproducing from memory, research into trivialities and awarding degrees which mean nothing special: And, its products parade their purposelessness, shouting that God Is dead and that virtue is a superstition. How can man exist without God, or God apart from man? There can be no garland without the string that runs through the flowers; there can be no men without the Inner kinship that God ensures for each. He is the Brahmasuuthra---the Brahman String, invisible, but inevitable.
25 July 1975 “My Wish My Vow” Ananthapur, Sathya Sai College for Women
Do not condemn yourselves as petty pedlars of knowledge. You are the makers of the future of mankind. You can make it bright and joyful or mar it as dreary and dreadful. You can weaken or strengthen the foundations of life. You are the planners and engineers who lay the royal road of peace and prosperity. You are the ray of hope that illumines the dismal night enveloping all countries. You are the revealers of the Divine Power that animates every living being and prompts it towards self-sacrifice and self-knowledge. You mark out and build the proper steps for man's ascent to God. You direct the eyes of the pupils inward into the Reality and invite them to revel in that light. You hasten the holy process of ignoring and forgetting the superficial and advancing the Divine Consciousness, which is the reality of man.
Youth today are enmeshed in the coils of the body-mind complex. So, they are engaged in acts prompted by pride, envy and ignorance. "Son! You are not the body; the body is only your vesture. That vesture has been given to you so that you may lead a beautiful, beneficial life. You should not pollute your years of life with ignorance of your reality. Remove that pollution, acquiring true wisdom." You must advise youth thus, so that they may become aware of their innate Divinity.
14 June 1983 “Guidance for Gurus”
EDUCATION has the responsibility of rendering every field of life fruitful and beneficial. It has a duty to the nation to make people skilful and upright. Unfortunately the educational institutions of today are following a contrary path. Man alone, among living beings, has the capacity to recognise the Divinity in himself and in all else, the sacredness of his mission and the capacity to realise his manhood, which implies detachment, renunciation, virtuous conduct and disciplined behaviour. But these qualities are not developed to any significant extent by our education today.
What we are today teaching and learning in schools cannot be considered Bhaaratheeya education. Though our present system of education, is extolled as national education, it is in fact anti-national. It sometimes leads to the impoverishment of families because they have to sell even their properly to meet the expenses of the children. And what is the net gain? By education a young man gains a degree which is only another name for the bowl used for begging for jobs! Indian education should ideally emphasize self-reliance and independent living. It should confer on the student the courage to stand up against injustice, indiscipline, immorality and falsehood. It should grant steady faith in the Aathman (divinity) as the reality of man. These principles which should underlie Indian education are, to speak the truth, being gravely neglected by us.
Therefore you have to cultivate in your own heart the spirit of sacrifice, the virtues of charity and the awareness of Divinity. Then only do you become entitled to cultivate these in the hearts of the children.
In the coming days we will take up each subject and the possibilities and implications of teaching it. Out of these discussions will emerge resolutions and programmes which we can all consider later. During these ten days, each day will be devoted to the consideration of one aspect of spiritual and cultural education: How to develop the attitude of love among the children? How to make them recognise the kinship that unites all mankind? How to implant in their minds feelings against caste distinctions, regional differences and religious prejudices? How to bring out the Splendour of Divinity that is the core of humanity?---These topics have to be given special attention.
Through the centuries India has nursed many religions, creeds and sects. But the essence of all Shaasthras (spiritual sciences) is that in every being there exists the Divine. The teaching of this essence is very necessary today. As the Minister for Education said just now, the foundation of an edifice has to be very strong.
To be born as a man is the highest fortune of jeeva (individual being). So you must make the best use of this rare chance. You must practise in daily life what the Aathman (inner conscience) urges you to do.
Whatever one learns or does not learn, one must, after being born as man, learn about the Aathman (divinity), for that alone can confer bliss and immortality. Resolve today to sacrifice everything you have for the sake of the pure-hearted children who rely on you for guidance. So long as you are caught in the coils of monetary considerations and so long as you think that such benefit alone can make you happy, you will continue to be as you are. But you can gain aanandha the very day you decide on dedicated service. Whether you get or do not get the comforts you desire, you should pay attention to the task for which you have come and cultivate the means for realizing the Atma.
25 July 1978 “The Teacher and his Task” Teacher’s Training Camp, Brindavan
To recognise the primacy of human birth among living beings and yet fail to realise one's inherent divinity is supremely unfortunate. Man needs a healthy body for a healthy mind, filled with good thoughts. It must be recognised that sports and music have been designed to confer health and happiness on man. But physical fitness alone is not enough. Mental health is equally important. Together with the gross physical body everyone has a sookshma sarira (subtle body). One has to take good care of this subtle body also. For this, spiritual exercises will have to be performed which will help one to realise the Divine.
There are three benefits to be derived from sports and games: team spirit, mutual understanding and joy. Even if men speak different languages and differ in their habits and cultures, in the field of sports they have a common bond, a spirit of comaraderie. Face with courage all ordeals in life
True education consists in the acquisition of good qualities, cultivation of good thoughts, truthfulness, devotion, discipline, and dedication to duty.
14 January 1991 “God as Friend”
And, most important of all, God, the Universal Watcher, is witnessing and weighing your every thought, word and deed. The God in you examines and judges and you are able to acquire self satisfaction through sincerity and serenity. Prove your human-ness by the practice of the values which are the unique qualities of man.
7 March 1986 “The Mantra round your wrist” Discourse delivered for teachers and field workers of EHV at Prasanthi Nilayam
In our educational institutions and in this Institute, students must shape themselves as 'images' of their teachers. They must spread the message of our ideals throughout the world. Teachers must live that message and students must imbibe it and become it. The Aathma is the Truth of Truths. When one achieves its awarencss, all knowledge is added unto-him.
Imagine a coconut tree with a headload of nuts. It casts a long 'shadow on the ground and the shadow fruits are equally plentiful. When one climbs the tree and plucks the fruit, he can also be seen moving along the shadow tree and plucking the shadow fruit. So too, when one seeks to know the Aathma and succeeds, he can at the same time progress along the "World" (which is an illusory shadow) and gain the shadow-fruit (which is. trivial and temporary).
This is a noble task-- hard but heavenly Saadhana (spiritual effort). Teachers have to undertake it with patience and humility, always standing forth as examples and ideals. They can then confer on the world the invaluable boon of Aathmic Awareness, through the students whom they instruct.
23 March 1984 “Teachers and Students” Bhagavan's Discourse, Workshop on Examination Reform at the Institute of Higher Learning, Prashanthi Nilayam
Students! Bharatiya Vijnana (supreme knowledge) encompasses all potencies. No other system of knowledge contains what is in Bharatiya Vijnana. You have not got this knowledge. You have not tried to make practical use of it. Consequently you have no conception of its prodigious value. Seek to know it and put it to proper use. Thereby you will experience bliss.
Regardless of what anyone may say, combine spiritual pursuits with your academic studies. You cannot run the cart of life on a single wheel. It is too hazardous. No bird can fly with a single wing. It can fly freely when it can use both the wings. Likewise man needs mundane knowledge for carrying on worldly affairs and Brahma- Vidya (Spiritual knowledge) for his spiritual welfare. Acquire knowledge of the physical sciences; that is necessary. At the same time seek spiritual wisdom also. You have to conduct your life based on both these kinds of knowledge.
Students! Do not spend your entire time solely on worldly concerns. Devote some time to what is essential for realising the highest goal of life. It is only when the country is filled with such students that it will be prosperous and happy and regain its ancient glory. Only the power of the Divine can protect any individual, society or nation. Seek to realise that divine power. It is not to be got from outside. It is inherent in you. That is why the Vedantic texts declared: "The One Lord dwells in all beings."
2 June 1991 Discourse at the Institute Auditorium, Brindavan
What is education? Education means Vidya which connotes the knowledge of the Self. This is the foundation of all education.
In Bharat, the students acquire sacred education; it begins with the thoughts of God. Even an illiterate driver in Bharat salutes the steering wheel before starting the vehicle. Similarly, a musician offers salutations to the musical instrument before playing on it. In fact, all type of learning in Bharat begins with the name of God and prayer to Him and every activity is done as an offering to God without any artificiality and ostentation. People educated abroad come back with big degrees. What is that degree? It is only a piece of paper. They do not understand the essence of education. The students of Bharat have a pure and sacred heart. I feel blissful when I see Indian students. One can see the goodness of education reflected on their faces.
27 May 2006 “The Youth Should Follow The Path Of Sathya And Dharma”Karnataka youth camp, Whitefield, Bangalore
Students should develop a universal outlook and seek to serve all without regard to race or religion. That is the true purport of education. It must lend to realisation of the Self that is in everyone. Education should lead to elevation of the consciousness. Make use of Summer Course for the purification of your minds so that you may lead selfless lives. For this, there is no other path but the Spiritual.
20 May 1993 Discourse at the Institute Auditorium, Brindhaavan on the occasion of the inauguration of the Summer School
The legendary version of the Narakasura episode describes the demon as master of Praagiyothishapura. The symbolic meaning of Praagjyothishapura is that it is a place which has forgotten the Atma. The inner meaning of this is that demonic forces dwell in any place where the Atma is forgotten. All the chaos and evil in the world today are due to the fact that men have forgotten the Atma (the Supreme Spirit). Every man is conscious of the body and of the individual soul, but is not conscious of the Paramatma (Divinity) within him.
28 October 1989 “The Divine and the Demon” Discourse at Brindavan on Dipavali day
(Bhagawan answered the questions raised by the delegates of the conference)
Q1 What is the relation between religion, spirituality and educare? …Educare means to bring out from within. The Atma is our innermost reality. That is what educare should bring out. Therefore, there is actually no difference between the three–religion, spirituality and educare.
21 November 2001 Pari Prashna -The Divine Answers First Conference of Sri Sathya Sai Schools,Valedictory Address, Prasanthi Nilayam
Now, by what trait can we recognise the Athma? By bliss, which is Its very nature. This is the reason why It is described as Nithyaanandham (Eternal Bliss Absolute) Parama-sukhadham (bestower of highest bliss), kevalam (alone) jnaanamoorthim (embodiment of pure wisdom), dhwandhwaa-theetham (beyond all dualities), gaganasadhrisham (vast as sky), thathwamasyaadhilakshyam (denoted by Vedhic axioms such as Thou are That), ekam (the One), nithyam (the eternal), vimalam (blemishless), achalam (unaffected), sarvadheeh (all-conscious), saakshi-bhootham (all seeing witness), bhaavatheetham (un-reachable even by the imagination), thrigunarahitham (attributeless), etc.
23 November 1979 Birthday Message
I find here a large number of students. Well, what are they studying for? What is the goal? How are we to judge that they have studied well? By the salary they are able to get, or the cadre they are able to secure? No. Education must result in the development of viveka (wisdom) and vinaya (humility). The educated man must be able to distinguish between the momentary and the momentous, the lasting and the effervescent. He must not run after glitter and glamour but he must seek instead the good and golden.
He must know how to keep the body in good trim, the senses under strict control, the mind well within check, the intellect sharp and clear, unhampered by prejudices and hatreds, and the feelings untouched by egoism. He must know the Atma too, for that is his very care; that is the effulgence which illumines his inner and outer selves. This knowledge will ensure joy and peace and courage for him throughout life. Students also must cultivate vinaya (the art of avoiding the infliction of pain on others).
25 July 1958 Nellore
THIS is a day full of significance, not only for Anantapur or this District or this State, but, for all other States also. On the occasion of the School Day of the High School for Girls in this town, as early as 1964, I had announced that what this town needed most was a College exclusively for Women…That is the reason why it has been resolved to start a women's college, in every State, in order to promote the Dharma, which I have come to establish. This is part of the general task. Every act of Mine, every word, will have only that goal in view. Atma-vidhya (science of the Self) alone can fix the mind in Dharma. The students here will be given a glimpse of that Atma- vidhya; they will develop a keen desire to know about it---knowledge and desire that will stand them in good stead, when they encounter the problems of life.
22 July 1968 Anantpur
The secular state is hesitating to teach the principles of Eternal Religion (Sanathana Dharma) to young children and students in schools, though those principles are of universal application and do not go against any particular religion. The Shri Prakaasha Committee may, it is said, recommend a course of moral instruction! But if it is not emphasising the superconscious basis of the individual, much of the invigorating strength of Sanathana Dharma would have been lost. A regular course in the discipline of meditation must also be given to youth, so that they may realise the depths of their own personality and its infinite possibilities for ensuring peace and happiness (shanthi and soukhyam).
14 January 1964 Prasanthi Nilayam